單詞+詞組+句型,20天輕松搞定3500詞(一)

發布時間:2017-04-07 11:12:38

從今天開始,小編將按字母順序,定期為同學們發送3500詞系列。這個系列好的地方在于它不是單個呈現單詞,和單詞相關的重點短語和句型也一并給出來,這樣,我們不僅可以在語境中記憶單詞,而且在記單詞的同時也掌握了其用法。好啦,不多說了,開始學習和記憶單詞吧......

 

1. abandon v. 放棄,遺棄,拋棄 

abandon the baby/ child/ friend

abandon the plan/ idea/ effort/ hope
abandon oneself to 陷入,沉湎于 

He abandoned himself to despair(絕望).

 

2. ability n. 能力; 才能 

the ability to walk 行走的能力
to the best of one’s ability 竭盡全力 

He completed the job to the best of his ability.

 

3.abnormal adj.不正常的,畸形的,反常的 

They thought his behavior was abnormal.
反義詞:normal

 

4. aboard prep. adv.在船(飛機,火車)上,上船(飛機,輪船)

all the people aboard 機上的人

 

5. about prep關于,ad 大約,到處

a) be about to do sth…(when) 正要做某事,這時......

I was about to go out when it began to rain.
b) look about/around/round 

c) How/What about…詢問情況或建議

 

6 . above prep 在…上面 

above all 首先;尤其

 

7. abroad ad.到(在)國外 

a) go /study /live abroad 

b) at home and abroad在國內外

 

8. absence n. 不在,缺席

absence from work/ school 

The decision was made in my absence.
in the absence of 在缺少...…條件下 

The case was dismissed in the absence of proof.

 

9. absent adj. 缺席的,不在的 

be absent from 缺席......

absent-minded adj. 心不在焉的

 

10. absorb vt. 1) 吸收,吸進(液體,氣體等) 2) 理解,掌握

absorb ink/ water/ neat/ light/ oxygen/ sound/ energy
absorb information/ knowledge 

be absorbed in 專注于,聚精會神于…...

 

11. abuse v. / n. 濫用,謾罵 

abuse alcohol/ drugs 酗酒 /嗜毒
abuse power/ position/ privilege 濫用權力/職權/特權

 

12. accept vt. 接受,承認

accept the gift/invitation/plan 

accept sb/sth as…

 

13. access n.方法,通路,機會

The only access to the farm was a narrow bridge.
Only high officials have access to the emperor.
We students have access to the school library.
accessible adj. 可進入的,可接近的,可使用的
Such information is not easily accessible to the public.

 

14. accident n.事故,意外的事

by accident/chance 偶然,無意中;不小心

 

15. accompany v. 陪伴,伴隨,伴奏 

accompany sb. to the school/supermarket
accompany the singer on/at the piano 

Lightening(閃電)usually accompanies thunder.

 

16. accomplish v. 完成,到達,實現 

accomplishment n. 成就,成績
accomplish the task/purpose/goal

 

17. according to 根據 

According to the law, he should be sentenced to death.

 

18. accuse vt. 指控,指責 

accuse sb of (doing ) sth 控告…...

 

19. accustomed adj. 習慣的,適應的,慣常的

be/get/become accustomed to doing 

He was soon accustomed to getting up early.

 

20. ache vi./n 疼痛

headache / toothache 

My back aches so much.

 

21. achieve vt 達到;取得 

achieve success/victory/one’s goal

 

22. achievement n. 成就,業績;完成(任務等) 

make great achievements

 

23. acknowledge v. 承認,致謝

It is generally acknowledged that global warming is caused by greenhouse gases(溫室氣體).
Yaoming is acknowledged as/to be the best player in China.
I acknowledged financial(財政的)support from the local government.

 

24. across  prep./adv. 穿過,橫穿 

cross  v. 穿過,橫穿

cross a street

come/run across偶然碰到

 

25. act n.法令,條例 vt.表演,扮演,行動,做事

act as 充當;扮演 

act out 把…...表演出來

 

26. action n. 行動 

take action to do sth 

put sth into action 把…付諸實施

 

27. active adj. 積極的;主動的 

take an active part in/be active in 積極參加

 

28. activity n. 活動 

outdoor activities 戶外運動

 

29. actual a.實際的 

actually adv. 

in (actual) fact 實際上

 

30. adapt vi. 適應,適合,改編  vt. 使適應 

adapt to change/the city life

adapt oneself to the new surroundings 

adapt the novel for a film 

 

31. add vt 添加,增加,補充說(that)
add(…)to 添加 

add up 把…加在一起 

add up to總計為; 總數為
a) His illness added to our trouble. 

b) He added that he would come again.
c) Please add these figures(數字)up. 

d) These numbers add up to 100.
e) He added some salt to the water.

 

32. address n.地址 vt.寫地址;向…...講話(尤指演講)
address the letter to sb. 給某人寄信 

The letter was wrongly addressed.
The president addressed the public.

 

33. adjust vt. 調整,調節,適應 

adjust your speed/the volume(音量)/the camera
adjust to the dark/the single life 

adjust yourself to the student life 

adjustment n. 調整,調節

 

34. admire v 欽佩.;羨慕
admire sb for sth 

I admire John for his courage.

 

35. admit vt (admitted ,admitted)
1) 承認 

admit one’s mistakes

admit doing/having done
He admitted having stolen the money.
2) 準許(入場,入學,入會) 

admit sb to/into→sb be admitted to
He has been admitted to Beijing University.

 

36. adopt v. 收養,采用,采納
adopt a child 

the adopted son/daughter
adopt a new policy/a suggestion/a plan/an attitude

 

37. advance vi. 推進,促進;前進 

advanced adj.  先進的/ 高級的
in advance 預先,事先 an advanced worker

 

38. advantage n. 優點,好處(可數名詞) 反:disadvantage
take advantage of 利用 

have an advantage over 優于…...

to sb’s advantage 對(某人)有利

 

39. advertise vt. 為…...做廣告
1)為…做廣告 

advertise a product 
2)登廣告征求/尋找…...

advertise for a new sales manager

 

40. advice n. advise vt. 忠告,勸告,建議 

take/follow/accept one’s advice 接受某人的建議
ask sb for advice 向某人尋求建議 

a piece of advice 一條建議
give sb some advice on sth
advise sb (not) to do

advise doing

advise that …(should)+do
Our teacher advised that we should study hard.

 

41. affect vt. 影響, 深深打動,使悲傷等
Smoking affects health. 

People were deeply affected by the death of Jin Zhengri.

 

42. afford vt. 負擔得起,抽得出(時間); 提供

can/could/be able to afford sth/to do sth 

I can’t afford a book/to buy the book

 

43. afraid a. 害怕的;擔心的
be afraid to do 因為害怕不敢做…...

be afraid of doing 害怕...…
She was afraid to go out alone at night. 

She was afraid of waking him up.

 

44. against prep 對著,反對, 違背,靠著,迎著,襯著
stand against the wall (靠墻站著) 

go against nature

be against sth 
They are strongly against the plan. 

The pine tree were black against the morning sky.

 

45. age n.年齡;時代 vi. 變老 

for ages 多年

at an early age

at the age of … 
of the same age=of an age 

After his wife’s death he aged quickly.

 

46. agree vi. 同意;應允
1)agree with 

①同意

agree with sb / what you say/your opinion.
②表示一致;“ (食物、天氣、工作等)對…適宜”:
The weather does not agree with me. 這種天氣對我不適宜。
A verb must agree with its subject in person and number.
What he does does not agree with what he says. 他言行不一致。
2)agree to the plan/ the arrangement/ the suggestion .
3)agree on /upon主要指雙/多方通過協商而取得一致意見或達成協議:
We agreed on the price. 我們就價格達成了一致意見。
Both sides agreed on these terms. 雙方都同意這些條件。
4) agree to do sth 

He agreed to go with us. 他同意同我們去。
5) reach/arrive at/come to an agreement 

6) I can’t/couldn’t agree more.

 

47. ahead ad. 在前,向前 

ahead of time 提前 

go ahead 前進,干吧,說吧

 

48. aid n. 援助;救護;輔助工具 v. 幫助,促進 

first aid 急救 

in aid of 支持
by ( the) aid of 借助于,通過…的幫助 

come/go to one’s aid 幫助某人
aid (sb/sth) in/with ( doing) sth 幫助某人做…...

 

49. aim at
① 瞄準,對準 He aimed the gun at the enemy officer.
② (向某方面)努力 She's aiming at ( trying to win) a scholarship.
③ 針對某人 My words were not aimed at you.

 

50. alike adj. 相像的,十分相似的 adv. 相似地,相同地  

We are alike in many ways.
They tried to treat their children alike.

 

51. alive a. 活著的,存在的 

catch …alive 活捉 

keep…alive 

be alive with= be full of

The lake was alive with fish. 

Who is the greatest man alive.(后置定語)

 

52. allow v 準許,允許 

allow doing/sb to do
allow for 把......考慮進去 

Has everything been allowed for in your plan?

53. almost adv. 幾乎,差不多
Almost no one/nobody came to the party. 

There was almost no snow that winter.

 

54. alone adj./adv. 單獨,孤獨
1) 形容詞She is alone at home. (她獨自一人在家。)
2) 副詞I like to work alone. (我喜歡獨自一人工作。)
3) “只有,僅僅” The shoes alone cost $200. 

let /leave sb/sth alone 別打擾......
let alone 更不用說

lonely
1) 定語, “孤單的,無伴侶的,無人煙的,荒涼的,偏僻的” a lonely man/island.
2) 表語,“孤寂的,寂寞的” feel lonely  

He lives alone but he doesn’t feel lonely.

 

55. aloud ad.大聲地 

read aloud 大聲朗讀

think aloud 自言自語

 

56. amaze vt. 使驚奇/驚嘆/驚異
What amazes me is how long she managed to hide it from us.
It amazed me that he could be so calm at such a time.
amazed adj. 驚奇的,驚異的 

amazing adj.令人驚奇的/驚異的
  
57. amount n. 數額(尤指數量,大小等) vi. 總計,合計 

a large amount of=large amounts of +不可數名詞 
amount to
1) (數量上)達到,總計
Time lost through illness amounts to 1,357 working days.因疾病而損失的時間總共為1357個工作日。
2)等于,意味著
Ultimately, their ideas amount to the same thing. 歸根結底,他們想的都是一回事。

 

58.  amuse vt. 使發笑/愉快 

The funny drawings amused the kids.
be amused by/at/with 被…逗樂 

amuse oneself 自娛自樂
The boys amused themselves by drawing. 

 

59. amusement n. 

1) 娛樂,發笑 

to one’s amusement 讓某人發笑

They were dancing and singing in the car, much to the amusement of passers-by.
他們在車里跳舞,唱歌,讓路人感到十分有趣。
2) 娛樂活動,消遣活動 amusements
 
60. angry adj 生氣的,憤怒的 (angrily/angrier )
be angry at (about) 因為...…而生氣 

be angry with sb 生某人的氣

 

61. announce vt. 宣布,宣告,公布
announce a decision/plan/intention 

announce sth to sb 

announce that
At the end of the meeting , it was announced that an agreement had been reached.
make an announcement

 

62. announcement n. 通告,通知

 

63. annoy vt. (使)煩惱 

be annoyed with sb.for (at) sth.
What annoyed him most was that he had received no apology.
annoyed adj. 略感煩惱(生氣)的 

annoying adj. 討厭的,令人煩惱的
  
64. answer n/v. 

the answer to the question 

answer a question/the door/the phone
answer for 對… 負責 

You will have to answer for your wrong doing one day.

 

65.  anxiety n. 憂慮,焦急,擔心
anxious adj. 焦慮的,不安的; 擔心的; 渴望的,急切的

be anxious about sth for sb
be anxious to do sth

 

67. apologize v. 道歉,歉意 

apology n.道歉,歉意  

make an apology/apologies to sb for sth 

apologise to sb for sth

 

68. appeal v. n. 吸引,呼吁,懇求
The design has appealed to people of all ages. 

I appeal to you to protect the environment.
have/hold appeal for sb. 對某人有吸引力 

lose one’s appeal 失去吸引力

 

69. appear 

1) vi. 出現,露面 
2) 系動詞 似乎,好像 

appear+ (to be) + n/adj 似乎
It appears (to sb) that /as if... 

He appeared to be happy in the news.
It appears to me that he will win.
It appears that all the files have been deleted.檔案好像都已經被刪除了。
Police say there appear to be signs of a break-in.警方稱似乎有破門而入的跡象。

 

70. appearance n. 出現,露面;容貌 

judge by appearances 以貌取人

 

71. application n.申請 

make an application for

 

72. apply v. 申請;應用

apply for 申請;請求
apply sth to …運用,應用 

apply oneself to 致力于,集中精力做某事

 

73. appoint vt. 任命,委派,安排,確定
1) 任命,委派

A committee was appointed to consider the plan. 一個委員會被指定去研究這些計劃。 

He was appointed as chairman.
2). 約定,確定 

Everyone got there at the appointed time.
In the evening he made his way to the appointed meeting place.

 

74. appointment n.約定,任命

make an appointment 約定,任命

his appointment as president 他擔任總統的任命

 

75. appreciate vt. 欣賞;感激 

appreciate your concern 

appreciate doing sth
appreciate your abilities/fine works of art 

I’d appreciate it if you let me get on with my job.

 

76. approach 

1). v. 接近;靠近;走進
As they approached the wood, a rabbit ran out of the trees.
I find him difficult to approach. The winter vacation is approaching.
2). n. 接近;方法;途徑;通路
He decided to adopt a different approach and teach the Bible through story-telling.
His approach to the problem are wrong. All the approach to the palace were guarded by troops.

 

77. approve vi. 贊成 vt. 同意,批準 

approve of 贊成,同意 

approve of one’s idea
He doesn’t approve of my leaving this year. 

approve the plan/ proposal 通過/批準計劃/提議

approval n.

 

79. argue vi. 爭辯,爭論 n. argument 

1) argue for/against 贊成/反對

2) argue sb into/out of doing sth 說服某人做/不做某事
3) argue with sb about sth 與某人爭論某事

 

80. arise (arose arisen)vi. 

1) 出現,發生,產生 

A new crisis has arisen. 新?;魷?。
2)起床,起身,起立 

He arose at dawn. 他黎明即起。

 

81.argument n. 

1)爭論,辯論 

have an argument with sb about/over sth
2) 論點,論據 

a powerful argument against smoking

 

82. arm
n. 手臂,支架 武器(復) 

arm in arm 手挽手 

take up arms 拿起武器
vt. 以…裝備/武裝起...來 arm…with…
Armed with the new equipment, the explorers entered the cave. 

be armed to the teeth 全副武裝

 

83. around 在周圍; 在附近; 大約
around the corner 在拐角處,即將到來 

around the clock 晝夜不停地

 

84.arrange vt. 安排,布置
arrange an appointment 安排預約 

Have you arranged to meet Mark this weekend?
We had arranged that I would go for the weekend.我們商量好了,這個周末我去。
He arrived as arranged. 他如約而至。
The company will arrange for a taxi to meet you at the airport.
Dave arranged for someone to drive him home.
arrangement n. 安排,布置 

make arrangements for…

 

85. arrest vt./n. 逮捕,拘捕 

He got arrested for careless driving.
put/place sb under arrest 逮捕某人

 

86. arrive v. arrival n. 到來;達到 

 

87. article n. 文章;東西;物品;冠詞 

an article of clothing 一件衣服

 

88. ashamed adj. 慚愧,害臊

 

89. asleep adj. 睡著的,熟睡的(表語形容詞) 

fall asleep 入睡 

He seems to be fast asleep.

 

90. assist v. 幫助,協助 

assist sb. in doing/with sth.
We’ll assist you in finding a place to live.
She employed a woman to assist her with the housework.
assistance n. 

technical/military assistance 技術/軍事援助

 

91. assume v. 假定,假設 

It is assumed that…普遍認為......
I had assumed him to be a teacher. 我本以為他是老師。
He assumed an air of concern. 他裝出關心的樣子。

assuming (that)… 假設,假如

assumption n.

 

92. ashamed 感到羞愧的  

a) be ashamed of 為......感到羞愧 
c) feel ashamed for sb 替某人感到羞愧 

ashamed & shameful
ashamed 指事物使人感到羞恥、慚愧、害臊
shameful 指事物或本身可恥不道德。 

He is ashamed of his shameful conduct.

 

93. astonish v. 使震驚 

astonished 感到震驚的

astonishing 令人震驚的
94. attach v. 貼上,系上,附加

attach …to...

 

95. attempt v./n.  試圖,嘗試
attempt to do sth

He was charged with attempting to kill his wife.
attempt sth 

The plane crashed(墜毀)while attempting an emergency landing.
make an attempt to do/at doing 試圖做某事

 

96. attend v. 看護,照料,服侍;出席,參加 

attend a meeting/ school/ church/ the concert
attend to sth處理,注意,照料

I have a few other things to attend to.
attend on sb 看護,照料 

 

97. attention n. 注意,關心
pay ( much/no/little) attention to doing(sth)

draw one’s attention to doing(sth)  

fix one’s attention/mind/eyes on

attract one’s attention

 

98. attract v. 吸引,引起 

Like attracts like. 物以類聚

 

99. available adj. 可利用的,可得到的,有效的

 

100. average adj 平均的;普通的 n. 平均數 

on (the)average 平均
I was just an average sort of student. 我只是一個普通學生。

 

101. avoid v.避免,躲避

avoid doing

 

102. awake v. 喚醒;(awoke/ awoken) adj 醒著的

Is he awake or asleep? 

awake to sth 意識到/醒悟到
It took her some time to awake to the dangers of her situation. 

 

103. award n.獎品  v.授予

 

104. aware adj.意識到的 

be aware of...

 

105. away adv.離開;遠離 

keep away from 保持距離

far away 在遠處
right away 立刻,馬上

give away 泄露,贈送

 

106. awful adj.可怕的; 糟糕的; 非常的; 極壞的 adv.非常,極


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